A rise in prices following a decline in a market.
A coin which only a small number exist. See Scarce.
Estimate of the surviving population of a coin.
Unique: One known
R-8: Estimated two or three known (Excessively Rare)
R-7: (High) Estimated four to six know (Extremely Rare)
R-7: (Low) Estimated six to 12 known (Very Rare)
R-6: Estimated 13 to 30 known (Rare)
R-5: Estimated 31 to 75 known
R-4: Estimated 76 to 200 known
R-3: Estimated 201 to 500 known
R-2: Estimated 501 to 1,250 known
R-1: Estimated over 1,250 known
A coin that has not been graded, certified, and placed in a tamper-proof capsule by a grading service.
A Guide Book of United States Coins.
An industrial facility where a substance is refined
A copy so marked as required by law, with an “R” or a “C.” See Copy.
New coins made from old dies. They usually have the same specification as the original coins. Restrikes are considered bullion coins because such a large number are made that they have no numismatic value.
The back of a coin. The side usually opposite from the portrait or date.
A groove in the bottom of an inclined trough or sluice, for arresting gold contained in sands or gravels.
An abrasion or cut into the rim or edge of a coin, usually occurring through contact with another coin or coins (as in a bag of coins).
Roll (of coins)
Original coins, assembled at the time of manufacture, usually by a bank and then placed into a paper tube. There are, for example, 20 dollars in a roll.
Rolled Gold Plate (RGP)
Round pieces of metal that are usually about the size of a U.S. Silver Dollar. Rounds have no face value and can be minted privately or by government mints.
Royal Canadian Mint
The official mint of Canada, responsible for the production and distribution of Canada’s coinage.